Gas sensing properties at room temperature of a quartz crystal microbalance coated with ZnO nanorods
Gas sensors based on a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) coated with ZnO nanorods were developed for detection of NH3 at room temperature. Vertically well-aligned ZnO nanorods were synthesized by a novel wet chemical route at a low temperature of 90 °C, which was used to grow the ZnO nanorods directly on the QCM for the gas sensor application. The morphology of the ZnO nanorods was examined by field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). The diameter and length of the nanorods were 100 nm and 3 μm, respectively. The QCM coated with the ZnO nanorods gas sensor showed excellent performance to NH3 gas. The frequency shift (Δf) to 50 ppm NH3 at room temperature was about 9.1 Hz. It was found that the response and recovery times were varied with the ammonia concentration. The fabricated gas sensors showed good reproducibility and high stability. Moreover, the sensor showed a high selectivity to ammoniac gas over liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), nitrous oxide (N2O), carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and carbon dioxide (CO2). © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.