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Low-field magnetoresistance of Fe/Cr multilayers

Sputtered {Fe/Cr} multilayers with a fixed Cr individual layer thickness tCr = 2nm and variable Fe individual layer thickness (1 nm ≤ tFe ≤ 6 nm) are investigated by means of X-ray diffraction, magnetoresistance and magnetisation measurements. At room temperature, the initial magnetoresistive susceptibility of the as-deposited samples is almost constant. However, the saturation field increases with decreasing Fe-layer thickness, therefore, a maximal magnetoresistance ratio ΔR/R of 0.7% is reached in the sample with tFe = 1 nm. After annealing at 350°C, a ΔR/R value as large as 2.3% was obtained. Further annealing causes a reduction of magnetoresistance. As the temperature is decreased, the ΔR/R ratio measured in μ0H = 0.3 T increases linearly. At 77 K, the magnetoresistance ratio is about four times larger than that at 300 K. Results are discussed in terms of the scattering located at interfaces and the formation of a ferromagnetic state at high-temperature heat treatments. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

 Duc N.H., Tuan N.A., Nam N.T., Sinh N.H., Teillet J., Fnidiki A.
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  Từ khóa : Annealing; Giant magnetoresistance; Iron; Magnetization; Magnetron sputtering; Volume fraction; X ray diffraction analysis; Individual layer thickness; Multilayers