Structural, magnetic and Mössbauer studies of Fe-Cu granular films
X-ray diffraction, magnetization and Mössbauer effect investigations have been performed for the sputtered Fe0.2Cu0.8 thin films. A segregation forming isolated body-centred cubic Fe grains in the face-centred cubic Cu matrix with an average diameter between 1 and 40 nm took place upon annealing in the temperature range from 100 to 500°C. In addition, the magnetic coercive field is found to be enhanced and reaches a value of 37 mT for the sample annealed at 400°C. A perpendicular surface anisotropy constant KS = 0.04 mJ m-2 is deduced. Surface spin configurations are discussed for the granular films investigated.